All hope may not be lost for those short-term straightenings. Try taking these 6 steps to rehabilitate your curls after a heat binge. You don't have to do all 6 at once, feel free to pick and choose which ones may work for you!
Step 1: Cleanse with a Shampoo
As much as we love our co-washes and conditioners, the first wash in going back to curly, kinky, or coily hair from straightened hair should always involve a shampoo. It does not have to contain sulfates (although a shampoo with sulfates is just fine for this one-time use), but the key here is that you will need a shampoo.
Shampoo is important for a first wash for two major reasons:
One--buildup removal. If you've ever had that semi-frightening moment where you first rinse your straightened hair and it doesn't immediately revert, you'll understand why shampoo is necessary. Pretty much all heat protection and anti-frizz products have silicones and other occlusives that work to keep moisture out of the hair. Many oils and butters act in the same fashion, hence their propensity to seal the hair. Using a shampoo helps lift the moisture-blocking product buildup, so that the water can penetrate the hair and help restore the original texture.
Two--since shampoo has a negative charge (anionic), it binds all of the positively charged (cationic) buildup to itself, removing it from your hair, which also has a negative charge. Since the hair is stripped, the next positively charged conditioner you place on your hair will be more effective than if you had not used shampoo to cleanse.
Step 2: Use a Reconstructor
Heat straightening, combing, and just general wear and tear can cause cuticle damage to the hair. An intensive protein treatment (reconstructor) will help patch up those chips, cracks, and breaks in the cuticle of the hair temporarily. At some level, heat straightening (especially if you cranked the heat up a little too much) can alter the structure of the proteins in the hair, and a reconstructor has the potential to help them bounce back to normal - which in turn encourages your old texture return.
Looking for a good reconstructor? Try:
-ApHogee 2 Step Protein Treatment
-ApHogee Intensive 2 Minute Keratin Reconstructor
-Shescentit Okra Reconstructor
-Hydratherma Naturals Amino Plus Protein Deep Conditioning Treatment
-Komaza Care Protein Hair Strengthener
Step 3: Deep Condition
Moisture is an integral step in getting your hair to return to normal. And of course, this step will work better if it follows a good shampooing. When hair is blow dried and flat ironed, moisture leaves the hair. And after slathering hair with products to keep frizz at bay, natural hair begins craving moisture. Restoring moisture balance to the hair with a super nourishing and penetrating deep conditioning session will put parched heat straightened tresses back on the right track. Although most deep conditioners are designed to reach maximum effectiveness in 30 minutes or less, I recommend that after a flat-iron driven draught, an hour or more is perfectly fine. Just don't deep condition overnight to avoid hygral fatigue.
Looking for a good deep conditioner? Try:
-tgin Honey Miracle Mask
-Camille Rose Naturals Algae Renew Deep Conditioner
-Koils By Nature Ultra Moisturizing CocoAloe Deep Conditioner
-Curl Ecstacy Hair Tea
-DevaCurl Heaven In Hair
-Giovanni 2Chic Avocado & Olive Oil Ultra-Moist Deep Deep Moisture Hair Mask
-Darcy's Botanicals Pumpkin Seed Conditioner
Step 4: Do a Hot Oil Treatment
If your hair still isn't feeling or looking quite up to par, a hot oil treatment may help get things back in order. Nourishing the hair with a warm concoction of oils can help restore shine and elasticity, enhance smoothness, penetrate the hair, nourish the scalp, and more. A hot oil treatment based in coconut oil is the most effective, since coconut oil can penetrate the hair, moisturizing and nourishing on the inside and out. Adding in oils can boost the effectiveness of your curl, coil, and kink loving concoction.
- Place the oils inside of a plastic applicator bottle (which can be purchased at Sally's or a local beauty supply store)
- Melt them together in a hot water bath (don't microwave them)
- Apply to hair and scalp
- Cover hair in a plastic cap or saran wrap.
- You can sit under a dryer with the oil, or use a satin scarf or bonnet to help keep your head-generated heat in.
If your hair still isn't responding like you had hoped, the greenhouse effect may help. A spinoff of sorts of the hot oil treatment, greenhousing involves trapping hair in an ultra-moisturizing environment to aid in absorbing as much moisture as possible. This can be achieved at simplest, by covering damp hair with a plastic cap and scarf.
You can add to the greenhouse effect by incorporating a little bit of butter, oil, or conditioner of your choice to the damp hair, or by steaming your hair with a handheld or tabletop steamer. You can greenhouse your hair for as little as 30 minutes, or as much as overnight. Since the hair is not soaking wet, it is at less risk for hygral fatigue, over-conditioning, and becoming limp and mushy.
Step 6: Last Resort Cut/Trim
If you've done everything you possibly can and your texture just won't come back, a trim or cut may be in order. Since the ends of the hair are the oldest, it is likely that most of the damage to heat straightened hair is concentrated at the ends. Luckily, that can be resolved with a quick or gradual trimming away. More severe heat damage will require more cutting.
Ultimately, severe heat damage cannot be undone. If you are at this point, determine what method will work best for growing out more healthy hair and getting rid of what is damaged - either with a major or big chop, or long term transitioning.