The art hair of color has been used to alter a person’s appearance for centuries. The Ancient Egyptians were among the first to alter their hair color using vegetable dyes and hennas. Hair color can help us make a fashion statement. You can choose to be bold and daring like Rihanna and wear a vivid red hair color or you may choose to warm your look up with an exotic dark brown hair color, like Jennifer Lopez.
Types of Hair Color
There are a variety of hair colors and color techniques that your hairstylist, or hair colorist can use to achieve the look you want. There are four different types of hair color: temporary hair color, semi-permanent hair color, demi-permanent hair color, and permanent hair color.
Temporary hair colors coat the cuticle layer of the hair strands and rinse out easily when you shampoo.
Semi-permanent hair color deposits pigment to the cuticle of the hair and also the cortex, which is the second layer of the hair. Semi-permanent color rinses out of the hair after several shampoos rinses.
Demi-permanent hair colors deposit only pigment. It uses very low levels of peroxide with little or no ammonia to process. Demi-permanent hair color can have long lasting effects, be less damaging than permanent color, and have low scalp irritation. And if no ammonia is present, it can also be used with other chemical services, such as relaxers.
Permanent hair color deposits artificial color into the hairs cortex. These hair colors come in the form of cream, liquid, or gel and have to be mixed with a solution called hydrogen peroxide. Tiny molecules of the artificial hair color pass through the cuticle of the hair and enter the cortex with the help of hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide is responsible for increasing the artificial color molecules in size so they are trapped in the cortex of the hair.
Color and your hair
Hair is created first, by an atom that develops into a single fiber and wraps into microfibrils until the cortex is formed. The coiling of these fibers makes the hair strong and elastic. The cortex is responsible for giving hair its shape, for example curly, wavy, kinky, or straight. When chemicals are applied to the hair, such as permanent hair color, it is the structure inside the cortex that is chemically rearranged to get the desired result. Precaution must be taken when applying hair color. It is highly recommended to go to a professional hair stylist or colorist for permanent hair color services to avoid excessive damage to the hair.
It is important to first, consult with your stylist about your hair care concerns before any permanent color service. One question you could ask your stylist is what precaution is being taken during the color service to prevent excessive damage to the hair?
How to prevent damage
There are a variety of in salon products that can be used to help repair hair during chemical services. Ask your stylist if they offer Olaplex. Olaplex is mixed into your color or lightener and is designed to repair the strong disulphide bonds that are broken during a chemical process. Olaplex repairs your hair while your hair color processes.
Permanent color that helps (not hurts)
Ask your stylist to use a permanent hair color with conditioning agents and botanicals that add shine and soften the hair. There are permanent hair colors that have reconstructive properties, such as Joico K-PAK Permanent Crème Color.
Moisturize and Strengthen
At home you can use Joico K-PAK Color Therapy product line. These products are formulated with Joico Quadrabond Peptide Complex that fill in the cracks along the hair shaft and seals moisture of the hair, which helps to prevent color fading, and conditions the hair with manketti oil. Use a steamer, hooded dryer or heated treatment cap to help with penetration of your conditioners.
How to care for color-treated hair
Protect it from sun
When in the sun, wear a hat or use products that have UV protection from the sun. Saturate your hair with your favorite conditioner before you go swimming in salt or chlorine water.
Protect it from heat
Avoid high heat when using hot tools on color-treated hair. Try to use 300 degrees or less when flat ironing. Use a leave-in conditioner that protects against heat, such as Design Essentials Bamboo and Silk HCO Leave-in Conditioner. This leave-in is a thermal protectant that will not weigh your hair down. Use on your hair before you blow-dry. Use a heat protectant that protects the hair up to 450 degrees like Brazilian Blowout Dry Oil. Use ceramic hot tools only.
Prevent split ends
Every six to eight weeks get a trim to prevent split ends and to keep your color treated hair looking healthy.